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If they strictly follow these three important things, diabetic patients will have a fully productive and healthier life.
World Diabetes Day 2020: The celebration of World Diabetes Day is on 14 November. To raise awareness about the care and prevention of diabetes, this day is observed every year around the world. Since they are prone to infections, it also emphasizes the importance of a safe lifestyle for diabetic patients. And the coronavirus pandemic for such citizens has made the year 2020 highly strenuous.
According to Dr. Tejeswini Deepak, an endocrinologist and general physician at Koramangala Bangalore Apollo Spectra Hospital, people with diabetes could be at higher risk of getting seriously ill with COVID-19, and managing such patients is extremely difficult.
Diabetic patients with poorly controlled sugar levels tend to experience severe symptoms and are more vulnerable to COVID-19 virus complications. Because of fluctuations in sugar levels and the presence of pre-existing diabetes-related complications such as kidney failure or heart disease, it gets difficult to handle such patients. In addition, treatments can react slowly and therefore take a longer recovery period,’ said Dr. Tejeswini Deepak.
This is because poorly controlled diabetes, which implies a high level of blood sugar, weakens the body’s immune system and decreases its ability to fight bacteria or viruses enter the body. This increases the risk of various coronavirus infections.
The most important thing to be done by a diabetic patient in times like these is to maintain his or her blood sugar levels.
Patients should try to achieve a sugar level of 80-110 before eating and 140-160 after 2 hours of eating.’ Social distancing and the maintenance of good body hygiene should be a priority, particularly hand hygiene. As we know that diabetes weakens the immune system by having adequate and good quality sleep, daily exercise, consuming a healthy and nutritious diet including food rich in nutrients such as zinc, vitamin C, iron, magnesium, patients should try methods to improve their immune system. As stress contributes to fluctuations in sugar levels, patients should also learn ways to help them reduce stress, Dr. Tejeswini Deepak said.
Diabetic patients may have a truly healthy and healthier life, according to the doctor, if they follow these three important things strictly.
- Take prescribed medications properly and follow up regularly with the medical team
- Ensure daily sugar level control at home
- Get routine check-ups: It is recommended that you get a check-up at least once a year to detect different risks diabetes-related at an early stage.
For individuals with diabetes, here are the dos and don’ts:
- It is possible that obtaining early medical advice on the diagnosis of diabetes as a delay in starting proper care would increase the risk of experiencing other complications.
- Be compliant with the treatment prescribed
- Regular exercise and aim to maintain weight as similar as possible to the ideal body weight
- Eating a healthy nutritious diet, 4-6 daily small-sized meals are favored
- Keep a current time period on sugar levels
- Perform a regular self-examination of the foot, checking for any injuries
- Restrict intake of alcohol
- In the case of any condition such as fever, seek immediate medical help, bacterial infection as diabetic patients are more likely to fall very ill within a short period of time.
- Never skip prescription medications
- Do not miss meals at all.
- Do not be fast as this can cause hypoglycemia, which means dangerously low levels of sugar
- Avoid high glycaemic index foods that cause sugar to increase suddenly.
- On an empty stomach, do not workout
- Ignore smoking
- Avoid wearing sick-fitting footwear