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55,725 people in the city have been screened by the authorities, 6,620 of whom are positive for brucellosis as of now, the Lanzhou government said at a press conference.

The possibility of other diseases also remains as the world fights one deadly disease in the form of the COVID-19 pandemic. This also holds true for China, which was also the epicentre of the outbreak of the coronavirus. According to the latest study, as of November this year, thousands of people in China were infected with brucellosis.

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How is the Brucellosis disease spreading normally?

It is an infectious disease of the genus Brucella, caused by a group of bacteria. These bacteria-such as sheep , cattle, goats , pigs, and dogs, etc.-can infect both humans and animals. The most popular way to be contaminated with bacteria is to consume or drink unpasteurised / raw dairy products. However, brucellosis-causing bacteria can also be transmitted through the air or through direct contact with infected animals. These bacteria, via open wounds or mucous membranes, may reach the body.

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What has contributed to the transmission of Brucellosis to thousands of people in China?

However, the Brucellosis disease outbreak can not be linked to traditional bacterial modes of transmission, such as the ingestion of infected milk products or close contact with animals. In 2019, in the month of November, the last outbreak of the disease was first found. Some students have reportedly tested positive for the bacteria at the Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute.At least 181 individuals at the same institute had been contaminated by the end of the year, however.

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In September of this year, when about three thousand cases of Lanzhou disease were reported, it was reported that the outbreak had originated in a biopharmaceutical factory owned by China Animal Husbandry Industry Co., a Shanghai-listed firm. In July to August 2019, the factory allegedly used expired disinfectant to produce a vaccine for bacterial infection, and the bacteria were left in their waste gas.The polluted gas resulted in an outbreak of bacterial disease, because brucellosis can spread through the air.

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According to the CDC, though transmission of the disease from person to person is very rare, infected nursing mothers may spread the bacteria to their children. Disease transmission can also occur via blood transfusions and tissue transplants, although sporadic cases of sexual transmission have been reported.

Symptoms such as headaches, fever and others are believed to cause the disease, but they may also lead to severe complications, such as effects on the reproductive system in both men and women, arthritis and others.

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